KUWAIT, – Kuwait will celebrate on Wednesday (tomorrow), the 55th anniversary of the Arab League’s membership.
Kuwait tried to join the Arab League in 1958, but the move failed, as the state was not independent at that time.
After declaring Kuwait’s independence from Britain, on June 19, 1961, Iraq’s Prime Minister at that time, Abdulkareem Qassem, called for annexing Kuwait to Iraq.
Kuwait submitted a request to the Arab League on June 23, 1961, for getting a membership, the league approved the request on July 20.
As a result, Kuwait called on Britain to withdraw its troops and replaced them with Arab ones and actually some troops from the United Arab Republic, Jordan, and Sudan arrived in Kuwait, to protect it from any foreign interference.
On Feb 8, 1963, Qassem was assassinated and the Arab troops withdrew completely from Kuwait on Feb 20.
Accepting the request of Kuwait to join the league, Secretary General for Political Affairs at that time, Dr. Sayed Nofal said, the league was very pleased of Kuwait’s joining the Arab family. He added that, Kuwait actually has enjoyed, unofficially, the membership of the league for a long time, either on political or social or cultural arenas.
The league also issued a resolution aimed to help Kuwait join the United Nations.
Since joining the league, Kuwait has been exerting all possible efforts, aiming to support Arab unity and cohesion either inside or outside the league, through its representative, the Amir, Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah, who was serving as foreign minister at that time.
The Amir played a key diplomatic role in healing the Arab rift, adopting a balanced policy, cementing bonds of cooperation, and settling Gulf and Arab disputes.
Kuwait has a pioneering role in mediating amongst Yemeni parties in the 1960’s and stopping the armed forces in Sept, 1972, between the Yemen Arab Republic and the People’s Democratic Republic of Yemen.
The mediation by the Amir, when he was serving as foreign minister at the time, through a committee formed by the league, ended with reaching a Yemen’s peace agreement and a deal on trade exchange in Oct, 1972.
The Amir also played a key role in settling Lebanon’s crisis, since the eruption of the civil war in 1975 until 1989.
In 1980, the Amir made mediation efforts between Democratic Republic of Yemen and the Sultanate of Oman, to ease tensions between them.
Regarding Kuwait’s role in supporting the Arab issues, Kuwait has been keen on backing the Palestinian cause, the core issue of Arabs, in international arenas, through demanding a halt of the Israeli aggression and recognising legitimate rights of Palestinians.
This was submitted on May 18, 1963, in a statement read out by the Amir, before the UN General Assembly.
History will always remember of the stance of the late Father Amir, Sheikh Saad Al-Abdullah Al-Salem Al-Sabah, in 1970, when he contributed to lifting the blockade imposed on the late Palestinian President, Yasser Arafat in Jordan, during the battles dubbed as “Black September.”
Kuwait also has been supportive of the Palestinian people and government, through providing financial and in-kind aid to the Palestinians, who have been under Israeli occupation.
As for Arab League’s stance over the Iraqi occupation of Kuwait, the league issued on Aug 10, 1990, resolution No. 195, which condemned the Iraqi invasion and asked, during an extraordinary summit, Iraq to abide by UN Security Council resolutions.
The league confirmed at the summit, Kuwait’s sovereignty and independence, and denounced Iraqi threats against Kuwait, before issuing consecutive resolutions pertaining to Kuwait’s prisoners and their compensation for damage caused by the invasion.
Moreover, Kuwait’s contribution to reconstructing Iraq is another example of its keenness to extend bridges of cooperation to strengthen the Arab unity.
Kuwait’s aid — either grants, or development projects, or loans — has been extended through its economic and development funds to all Arab countries.
Kuwait hosted a first Arab economic, development and social summit in 2009, which was one the most successful summits held by the league, and the Africa-Arab summit, the two international pledging humanitarian conferences for Syrian and other Arab activities.
After the “terrorist” attack on Kuwait’s Imam Al-Sadeq Mosque last year, the Council of Arab League, at the level of permanent delegates, expressed its strong condemnation and denouncement of the “heinous” crime.
The council stressed, in a statement, its full solidarity with Kuwait, the Amir and Kuwaiti people, in combating terrorism and extremism.
The council voiced its sincere condolences to the Kuwaiti leadership, government and people, and its pride over Kuwait’s national unity and cohesion.
Source: Name News Network